Top 10 Types Of Agricultural Robots

The market for agricultural robot drones is expected to reach 35 billion dollars within the next four years. There are real problems in modern agriculture. Farmers and developed countries are suffering from a lack of workforce. The rise of automated farming is an attempt to solve these problems by using robotics and advanced sensing and AI. So, here are the top 10 types of agricultural robots.  


1. Nursery Planting

robots in nursery planting

Nurseries are where seeds are grown into young plants which are later planted outside. Nursery plants are often sold directly to consumers and landscape gardeners. In any case, they are likewise the beginning of the food venture for certain yields. There is a rising need for the nursery. Automation companies like HETO, agro technics, and harvest automation provide automation solutions for seeding, potting, and warehousing living plants in greenhouses. 


2. Crops Eating

robots in Crops Eating

Mini food plants begin life as seeds in a field. The traditional method for sowing seeds is to scatter them using a broadcast spreader attached to a tractor. This throws many seeds around the field while the tractor drives at a steady pace. It is not a very efficient method of planting as it can waste seeds. Autonomous precision seeding combines robotics with Geo mapping. 

The map is generated which shows the soil properties at every point in the field. The tractor with robotic seeing attachment. Then places the seeds at precise locations and depths so that each has the best chance of growing. 


3. Crop Monitoring And Analysis

robots in Crop Monitoring And Analysis

There is a big job of monitoring huge fields of crop. New sensor and Geo-mapping technologies allowing farmers to get a much higher level of data about their crops than they have in the past. Ground robots and drones provide a path to collect data autonomously. Drone companies such as Precision, Hawk offer farmers combine packages with included robotic hardware and analysis software. 

The farmers would then be able to move the automaton to the field start the product through a tablet or cell phone and view the gathered yield information progressively. Ground-based robots like Bonnie Rob provide even more detailed monitoring as they can get closer to the crops. Some can also be used for other tasks like weeding and fertilizing. 


4. Fertilizing Any Other Irrigation

Fertilizing Any Other Irrigation

Irrigating and fertilizing crops has traditionally used a lot of water in quite inefficient ways. Robotics is a precision irrigation that can reduce wasted water by targeting specific plants. Ground robot and autonomy leased autonomously navigate between rows of crops and pour water directly on the base of each plant. Robots also have an advantage as they can access areas where other machines cannot. 

For example; Corn growers faced a problem that the plants grow too quickly and reliably fertilize them. Robot aims to solve this problem as it is easily driven between the rows of corn and target nitrogen fertilizer directly to the base of each plant that is Robot. 


5. Crop Weeding In Spring

robots in Crop Weeding In Spring

Spring pesticides and weed killers in two fields are not only wasteful, but it can also severely harm the environment. Robots provide a much more efficient method. The concept of micro spraying could significantly reduce the amount of herbicide used in the crop grown. Micro spraying robots used computer vision technology to detect weeds and then spray a targeted drop of herbicide onto them. AG Bot-2 is a solar-powered robot that uses this technique. 

Some weeding robots do not even need to use chemicals. For example; a Robot crop uses computer vision to detect plants as it is pushed by a tractor. It then automatically hosed the spaces between plants to operate the weeds. Other weeding robots is used lasers to kill the weeds. 


6. Thinning And Pruning

Thinning And Pruning

Thinning involves reducing seeing those densities of plants so that each has a better chance of growing. Pruning is involved in cutting back parts of plants to improve their growth. The Lettuce Bot thinning robot received an award for outstanding product innovation in agriculture. It uses computer vision to detect lettuce plants as it drives over them and decides at that moment which plants need to keep in which to remove. 

Pruning is an intricate activity and the most eminent endeavors to automate. It has come into the wine industry. Wall-Ye kind of like Wall-E is autonomous of vineyard robot able to prune grapevines. The company has also developed a blueberry pruning robot. 


7. Autonomous Tractors

Autonomous Tractors

Several other robots are attachments to the tractor as humans usually drive the tractors. The robot is designed to adapt to the speed that the human is driving. However full autonomous tractors are also becoming popular. The ID Tech-X agricultural robots report found that more than 300,000 tractors with autonomous main functionality were sold in 2016. 

There is also a rising trend for follow-the-leader autonomy where tractors autonomously follow human-driven combine harvesters to collect the drink grain. 


8. Picking And Harvesting

Picking And Harvesting

Harvesting crops such as corn, barley, and wheat is quite simple and can be done in the combined harvester which can be automated just like a tractor. However other crops like soft fruits are more difficult to harvest as they require manual dexterity. The EU-Funded Clever Robots for the project of crops is making progress on a few harvesting applications including apple harvesting, grape picking, and sweet pepper picking. 


9. Shepherding And Herding

Shepherding And Herding

Although most agricultural robots are currently applied to crops growing, there have been a few emergent applications within sheep and cattle farm. Farmers in both New Zealand and Ireland have been seen using drones to round up their sheep after long difficult terrain. Various examples of remote control cattle hurling drones can also be found on YouTube. This could be a lower-cost alternative to the expensive helicopters with Australian ranchers used currently. 


10. Milking

Milking

It has a great development using collaborative robots to help in the milking process on dairy farms. This case study by Universal robots shows that a UR5 can be used to spray disinfectant on the cows' udders in preparation from milking. In seems certain that robots will continue to revolutionize agriculture and change the way that we think about producing food. This is being named the third agricultural revolution.


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